Area 245,857 km2
Main cities: Nzérékoré, Kankan, Kindia
Official language (s) French
Currency: Franc Guineen
National holiday: October 2nd
Population: 13.63 million (IMF 2019)
Density: 51.8 inhabitants / km² (World Bank, 2017)
Population growth: 2.6% per year (World Bank, 2017)
Life expectancy: 60.6 years (World Bank, 2017)
Religion: Islam (85%), Christianity (8%), Animism (7%)
Human Development Index: 175 out of 189 (UNDP, 2016)
Life expectancy: 60.02 years (Banque de France, 2008)
Literacy rate: Literacy rate of 15 and over (2014) (INS Guinee)
Transparency International ranking: 138/180
GDP (2019): $ 12.6 billion (IMF)
GDP per capita (2019): $ 926.3 (IMF)
Growth rate (2019): 5.9% (IMF)
Inflation rate (2017): 8.6% (IMF)
Trade balance (2015): – $ 565 million (WTO)
Main clients (2015): Ghana, India, United Arab Emirates, Spain, Germany
Main suppliers (2015): China, Netherlands, India, Belgium, France
Share of main sectors of activity in GDP (2016, World Bank):
Alpha Conde was reelected in the first round with 58% of the vote, for a second term, during the presidential election of October 2015.
The results of the communal and local elections, which took place on February 4, 2018, are disputed by the opposition, leading to demonstrations that have resulted in several deaths. The establishment of the mayors has come to an end more than a year after the elections, but is still subject to opposition protests. The establishment of regional councils can now take place and should take at least a month. This would close the cycle of local elections.
Violent protest movements followed one another between October and November 2018, despite the ban imposed by the government in July. Since 19 November, the participation of the army in joint patrols with the police and the gendarmerie in the main places of protest, has reduced clashes, demonstrations and acts of violence.
Guinea is also beset by social tensions (recurrent strikes, particularly in the education sector, and violence in the Boké mining region).
Alpha Condé proceeded with a cabinet reshuffle and appointed Ibrahima Kassory Fofana as Prime Minister on May 21st.
Sometimes called a “geological scandal”, Guinea has immense hydrographic wealth (“water tower of Africa”), a rich mineral potential (a third of the world reserves of bauxite, gold, diamond, iron, manganese , zinc, cobalt, nickel, uranium) largely under exploited.
The Guinean economy, hit hard by the Ebola epidemic (2,544 deaths out of 3,813 cases between 2014 and 2016) gives positive signs of recovery. After two years of almost stagnant GDP, growth was recovered in 2016 (+ 5.2%) and consolidated in 2019 (+ 5.9%). The country has also completed for the first time in its history a program with the IMF (adoption of the eighth and last review in October 2016). A new three-year program (2018-2020) for a $ 650 million non-concessional loan under the Extended Credit Facility was concluded with the IMF in December 2017.
In Mali, Guinea deploys a battalion of 850 soldiers to MINUSMA.
President Alpha Condé has been very active in resolving the crisis in the Gambia, he also conducts mediations in Togo and Guinea-Bissau under the aegis of ECOWAS.
Alpha Conde has held the rotating presidency of the African Union from January 2017 to January 2018. Since 2016, he has been coordinator for renewable energies in Africa.