Official name: Cote d’Ivoire
Nature of the scheme: Republic
President’s name: Alassane Ouattara
Vice President: Daniel Kablan Duncan
Motto: Union – Discipline – Work
Population: 24.37 million (World Bank, 2017) including 5.5 million foreigners
Density: 74.5 hab / km² (World Bank, 2016)
Population growth: 2.5% (World Bank, 2017)
Life expectancy: 54,1 years (UNDP, 2017)
Literacy rate: 43% (World Bank, 2015)
Religion (s): Islam: 42%, Christianity: 34%, Animism: 4%, No Religion: 19%, Other Religions: 1% (National Institute of Statistics of Côte d’Ivoire, 2014)
Human Development Index: 170th / 188 countries (UNDP, 20176)
Transparency International Ranking: 108th / 176 countries (2017)
GDP: 40,389 billion USD (World Bank, 2017)
GNI per capita: 1580 USD (World Bank, 2017)
Growth rate: 7.8% in 2017, 7.4% expected in 2018 by the IMF
Unemployment rate: NC
Inflation rate: 1.5% in 2017 and forecast of 1.7% in 2018 (IMF)
Budget balance: – 4.2% of GDP (DGT, 2018) IMF forecast for 2018: -3.75%
Trade balance: surplus of 8.4% of GDP (DGT, 2016)
Main clients: Netherlands (13%), United States (12%), France (8.4%), Germany (8%), Belgium (7.3%), India (4.3%), Nigeria (2.8%) (DGT 2016)
Main suppliers: China (18%), France (13%), Nigeria (10%), India (4.8%), Belgium (4%) (DGT, 2018)
Share of main sectors of activity in GDP (DGT, 2018):
– Domestic policy
– In 2010, the refusal of Laurent Gbagbo to recognize his defeat in the presidential election ended in an armed conflict, which had made more than 3,000 victims. The inauguration of Alassane Ouattara in May 2011 puts an end to a decade of crisis and marks the return to normalcy. Since then, Côte d’Ivoire has made great strides towards a normalization of political life as evidenced by the peaceful climate of the electoral campaign and the October 2015 election, which saw the re-election of President Ouattara with 83.66% of votes cast and a participation rate of 52.86%. This broad victory was based on the alliance of the Rassemblement des Républicains (RDR) party, party of Alassane Ouattara with the Democratic Party of Côte d’Ivoire (PDCI), former president Henri Konan Bédié, within the Rassemblement Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace (RHDP) alliance today undermined while the presidential election of 2020 is already in everyone’s mind. President Ouattara announced on the occasion of National Day that he wanted to work to democratically transfer power to a new generation in 2020.
– National reconciliation has not yet been completed, although a Dialogue, Truth and Reconciliation Commission auditioned between 2011 and 2014 64,000 victims of the post-election crisis. A new dynamic began, however, with the announcement on 6 August by the President of the Republic of an amnesty ordinance of 800 Ivorians prosecuted or sentenced for offenses in connection with the 2010 post-election crisis or crimes against terrorism. State security committed after 2011.
– The dialogue with the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) has progressed: provisional release of prisoners and thaw of the assets of relatives of Laurent Gbagbo, announcement of the independent electoral commission. The judicial treatment of the crisis is progressing: Simone Gbagbo was released following the amnesty measure announced by President Ouattara and several other FPI executives. The trial of Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé (former head of the “Young Patriots”) at the International Criminal Court opened on January 28, 2016. The Trial Chamber authorized on June 4, 2018 the defense of MM. Gbagbo and Blé Goudé to file a motion for dismissal because of insufficient evidence presented by the prosecutor’s office.
– The FPI remains divided between a radical wing, which makes the release of Gbagbo the precondition for the return of the party in the political game, and a moderate wing, led by former Prime Minister Pascal Affi N’Guessan, who participated in the presidential election of October 2015 and the parliamentary elections of December 18, 2016. The upcoming decision of the ICC on the release of Laurent Gbagbo could reshuffle the cards in domestic politics.
– The security situation has improved: the state has restored its authority over the entire territory (cut in half since 2004). The DDR (demobilization, disarmament, reintegration) process has restored 74,000 combatants to civilian life. Security sector reform (SSR) is continuing, in particular for the armed forces, which still show certain weaknesses, as the mutinies that erupted in Bouaké during the year 2017 have shown.
– On March 13, 2016, the seaside resort of Grand-Bassam (15 km from Abidjan) was the scene of a terrorist attack, making 19 victims of six different nationalities including four French, claimed by AQIM. This is the first time Côte d’Ivoire has been hit by such an attack.
Côte d’Ivoire, which has strong economic strengths, is considered a subregional power. It has infrastructures inherited from the two decades of the “Ivorian miracle” (1960-1980): second largest port of sub-Saharan Africa, important road network, recently expanded international airport. In the agricultural sector, the country is the largest cocoa producer in the world with more than 35% of the market. It ranks first in Africa for several other agricultural export crops (rubber, cashew, cotton, coffee, oil palm, banana, pineapple, cola). The secondary sector is dominated by crude oil refining, construction and agri-food processing. The tertiary sector (47% of GDP) is strongly dominated by banking, transport, distribution and ICT, including mobile telephony (5 operators). The country ensures its energy self-sufficiency thanks to the recent exploitation of gas and oil deposits; they allowed him to export electricity and petroleum products to the sub-region.
With growth of 8.6% per year on average since 2012, Côte d’Ivoire aims to become an emerging economy in 2020. The National Development Program (NDP) for the period 2016-2020 foresees large structural reforms aimed at stimulating sustained growth, driven by the private sector, and structurally transforming the economy. Despite the efforts of the Ivorian authorities unanimously welcomed by the international financial community, the fiscal situation deteriorated in 2017 as a result of the lower cocoa price and the demand movements which led to a decrease in revenue. On the other hand, Côte d’Ivoire still faces many challenges, particularly in the area of fighting corruption and improving the business environment, to fully regain its status as an engine of growth. regional economy. Better redistribution of growth is also necessary for the sustainable improvement of development indices.